Caldwell Bracey (his surname is sometimes spelled in listings as Bracy) was born in the Mississippi Delta region, possibly about 1903. All that has been established concerning his career is that he recorded four blues sides for OKeh Records at the King Edwards Hotel in Jackson, Mississippi, in December 1930, under the name Mississippi Bracey. The best known of these tracks are probably "I'll Overcome Someday" and "You Scolded Me and Drove Me from Your Door". At the same session he also recorded four hymns under the name Caldwell Bracey & Wife but listings indicate that these were never released by OKeh. It is not known if Caldwell Bracey was related to Ishman Bracey, another Jackson bluesman performing around the same time, and who went on to become an ordained minister.